Two colleagues working together on accessibility in eLearning courses.

Accessibility in eLearning: Moving Beyond Meeting Requirements

In eLearning Basics by Eoin O'Neill

In preparation for the scheduled release of the latest Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.2, we thought it was the right time to re-examine accessibility in eLearning. Are we doing enough to ensure positive and engaging experiences for learners with specific needs; rather than just meeting compliance requirements? As online learning becomes increasingly popular, it’s vital to ensure that educational experiences are accessible to all. While complying with accessibility standards such as WCAG, ARIA, and Section 508 is a necessary step, it’s equally important to move beyond mere compliance and focus on enhancing the learning experiences of impaired users.

Understanding Accessibility Beyond Compliance

While adhering to accessibility standards is essential, it’s just the starting point. True accessibility in eLearning involves creating an environment where learners with disabilities can fully engage with the content, interact seamlessly, and derive meaningful educational experiences. Striving for this level of accessibility goes beyond checkboxes and requires a shift in perspective towards user-centred design.

Female instructional designer working on her laptop.

Benefits of Prioritising Learning Experiences

Inclusivity Fosters Engagement

By placing accessibility at the heart of eLearning design, you ensure that learners with disabilities can actively participate and engage with the content. This inclusivity not only benefits impaired users but also creates a more engaging and diverse learning environment for everyone.

Enhanced Learning Outcomes

When learners with disabilities have access to content that is tailored to their needs, they are more likely to understand and retain information effectively. This personalisation can lead to improved learning outcomes and higher satisfaction rates.

Universal Design Principles

Prioritising accessibility in eLearning aligns with the concept of Universal Design for Learning (UDL). This approach aims to create content that is accessible and effective for all learners, regardless of their abilities. By embracing UDL, you’re creating an educational experience that benefits everyone, not just those with disabilities.

Positive Brand Image

Educational institutions and organisations that go beyond compliance and prioritise accessibility demonstrate a commitment to inclusivity and equal opportunity. This can enhance their reputation and attract learners who value a socially responsible approach to education.

Driving Innovation

Focusing on enhancing the learning experiences of impaired users often leads to innovative solutions and creative ways of presenting content. This not only benefits individuals with disabilities but can also lead to improved user experiences for all learners.

Meeting Evolving Needs

Accessibility extends beyond visual and auditory impairments. As technology advances, new forms of disabilities may emerge. Prioritising learning experiences over compliance ensures that your eLearning content remains adaptable to changing accessibility requirements.

Practical Approaches to Enhance Accessibility

User-Centered Design

Involve users with disabilities in the design and testing phases of your eLearning courses. Their insights and feedback can provide invaluable guidance on making your content more accessible and user-friendly.

Alternative Formats

Provide alternative formats for content, such as closed captions for videos, text descriptions for images, and accessible PDFs. This enables learners with different needs to access the material effectively.

Clear Navigation and Structure

Organise your eLearning content in a clear and logical manner. Proper headings, subheadings, and navigation elements make it easier for impaired users to navigate and comprehend the content.

Interactive Accessibility

Ensure that interactive elements, such as quizzes and activities, are designed with accessibility in mind. Use keyboard shortcuts, provide clear instructions, and avoid reliance on colour alone to convey information.

Team working together during employee workplace training.


Accessibility in eLearning is not just about meeting regulatory standards; it’s about creating an inclusive and enriching learning experience for all learners, regardless of their abilities. Prioritising learning experiences over compliance empowers learners with disabilities to thrive in online education and contributes to a more diverse, engaged, and innovative learning community. By embracing the principles of accessibility and universal design, educational institutions and content creators can transform eLearning into an environment that truly benefits everyone.


  • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.2 |
  • Promoting Inclusion: Designing Accessible And Inclusive eLearning Experiences | eLearning Industry
  • Personalisation & Learning Pathways in Digital Learning Design | Digital Learning Institute
  • Universal Design for Learning |


If you would like to learn more about how we incorporate accessibility in every aspect of our eLearning design and development and what this means for your learners, feel free to contact us via email at or call us direct at +353 1 908 1582.